The hip and knee joints are incredible marvels of the human body. At times they have to withstand up to 6 times your body weight in force, and be able to twist in many different directions with stability and control. The knee joint is the second most complicated joint in the body and has to move in many directions including forward, backward, side to side, and rotating. These combination of movements are called accessory motions and are needed for normal walking, running, squatting, and kneeling.
When you experience pain in your legs, especially in the side of the hip, groin, thigh, or around your knee, you may have difficulty with these accessory motions. This can occur from sitting a lot, previous injuries, arthritis, activity and disease. As you use your legs every day, tissues around these joints can tighten leading to a gradual loss of motion that can then cause a lot of pressure to build up on specific parts of the joints.
When you lose the normal mechanics of the hip, knee, and ankle joints your muscles have to take on the abnormal strain. This can lead to common aches and pains experienced by millions of people. A very common ailment is bursitis. This is an inflammation of bursa sacs which are located throughout your body. Common areas of bursitis are on the side of the hip and inner knee. A bursa is a fluid filled sac which helps to decrease friction and rubbing of tissue. The bursa on the side of the hip, called the tronchanteric bursa, decreases friction from a thick band of tissues running along the side of the hip and thigh called the iliotibial band. When the hip and knee joints are not moving properly, or you have lost flexibility, the pressure on this bursa becomes abnormal causing inflammation. What is needed is to decrease the strain on the bursa by getting the hip and knee joints back to moving like they should.
Many people feel that medication will help solve their hip, knee, or leg pain. While medication can help to decrease inflammation and pain, it cannot address the root cause of the problem. This is because most pain in the hip, thigh, knee, and leg comes from loss of flexibility, strength, and coordination. This happens for a variety of reasons, but takes the skill of a physical therapist to examine and find the root cause of the problem. The physical therapy experts at Reddy-Care Physical Therapy have years of training in medical examination of the mechanics of joints and tissues. To determine the source of your leg pain, a physical therapist examines your walking, squatting, movement of your joints, and compares the strength and mobility of the joints to what they should be.
A comprehensive treatment plan is then made to get you the fastest relief and the longest lasting results. Special hands on techniques help to gently loosen tight tissues and joints. In addition, specific exercises are taught to you so you know how to keep your joints in the best shape possible. The ultimate outcome is to get you back to moving at an optimum level. So if you are suffering with hip, knee, or leg pain, make sure to call us today to find out how we can help you feel like yourself again and get back to doing the things you love.
The word arthritis actually means joint inflammation, however the term has acquired a wider meaning. In public health, arthritis is used as a shorthand term for osteoarthritis and other rheumatic conditions that affect joints, the tissues which surround joints, and other connective tissue. The pattern, severity, and location of symptoms can vary depending on the specific form of the disease. Typically, arthritic conditions are characterized by pain and stiffness in and around one or more joints. The symptoms can develop gradually or suddenly. Certain rheumatic conditions can also involve the immune system and various internal organs of the body.
Physical therapy is an important part of the treatment for arthritis. Physical therapy exercises can strengthen and stretch the muscles surrounding the affected joints to prevent them from becoming weak, tight, or shorter from lack of use, and can also prevent a potential deformity called contracture. The physical therapists at Reddy-Care Physical Therapy move your muscle groups through a range of motions, such as flexing and extending, to help maintain flexibility and prevent shortening of the muscles.
Exercises can also help reduce joint pain and stiffness. Light to moderate-intensity physical activity may prevent a decline in, and may even restore, health and function. However, some people with arthritis may be reluctant to exercise because of joint pain after activity. You can take various steps to help relieve pain, such as heat and cold therapy or taking pain relievers, which may make it easier for you to exercise and stay active. In addition to physical therapy, choose partial or non–weight-bearing exercise, such as bicycling, swimming, or water exercise.
Research shows that even modest weight loss combined with exercise is more effective in decreasing pain and restoring function than either weight loss or exercise alone. Young adults who have significant injuries have an increased risk of future arthritis. Prevention of joint injuries during youth depends in good part on the use of proper sports equipment and on playing under safe playing conditions. A young person who has a serious knee injury can limit further damage by changing the way he or she does high-impact exercise. A physical therapist is an integral part of helping to advise you on returning to activities after an injury